Fluctuations and sensitivity in nonequilibrium systems

proceedings of an international conference, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, March 12-16, 1984

Publisher: Springer-Verlag in Berlin, New York

Written in English
Published: Pages: 273 Downloads: 542
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Subjects:

  • Fluctuations (Physics) -- Congresses.,
  • Stochastic processes -- Congresses.,
  • Nonequilibrium thermodynamics -- Congresses.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographies and index.

Other titlesSensitivity in nonequilibrium systems.
Statementeditors, W. Horsthemke and D.K. Kondepudi.
SeriesSpringer proceedings in physics ;, v. 1
ContributionsHorsthemke, W. 1950-, Kondepudi, D. K. 1952-, University of Texas at Austin.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQC6.4.F58 F57 1984
The Physical Object
Paginationix, 273 p. :
Number of Pages273
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2851816M
ISBN 10038713736X
LC Control Number84014158

Abstract. This report briefly discusses progress on the following topics: state selection dynamics; polymerization under nonequilibrium conditions; inhomogeneous fluctuations in hydrodynamics and in completely mixed reactors; homoclinic bifurcations and mixed-mode oscillations; intrinsic randomness and spontaneous symmetry breaking in explosive systems; and microscopic .   SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics , Fluctuations and Sensitivity in Nonequilibrium Systems, Noise-Induced Transitions in Multi-Stable Systems. Fluctuations and Sensitivity in Nonequilibrium Systems, 79 Cited by:   Fluctuations and Sensitivity in Nonequilibrium Systems, () The exit distributions for small random perturbations of dynamical systems with a repulsive type stationary point. Stochastics , Cited by:   The existence of non-Gaussian distribution fluctuations has been associated in the literature with a nonequilibrium steady state. However, equilibrium systems can exhibit non-Gaussian fluctuations—e.g., in the presence of anharmonic potentials (10)—and nonequilibrium systems can exhibit Gaussian fluctuations (see the analysis presented in.

Nonequilibrium patterns and shape fluctuations in reactive membranes. Reigada R(1), Buceta J, Lindenberg K. Author information: (1)Departament de Química-Física, Universitat de Barcelona, Avda. Diagonal , Barcelona, Spain. A simple kinetic model of a two-component deformable and reactive bilayer is by: But it says nothing about their actual rates or the probability of fluctuations about the average. This interdisciplinary book, written and peer-reviewed by international experts, presents recent advances in the search for new non-equilibrium principles beyond the Second Law, and their applications to a wide range of systems across physics. Fluctuations in large systems, are mostly determined by the conditions of the environment. Large deviations from the average behavior are hardly observable and the structural properties of the system cannot be inferred from the spectrum of °uctuations. In contrast, small systems will display large deviations from their average behavior. Nonequilibrium fluctuations are key quantities. These fluctuations have universal symmetries, convey essential information about systems’ behaviors, and are experimentally accessible in most systems. We review experimental developments to extract information from the nonequilibrium fluctuations of biological by: 4.

Fluctuation relations have been developed over the past decade, which describe the statistical fluctuations in time-averaged properties of many-particle, nonequilibrium systems such as fluids. The fluctuation theorems show how thermodynamic irreversibility emerges from the time-reversible dynamics of the constituent molecules, and are thus of Cited by:   These processes may interact with each other and lead to instabilities, fluctuations, and evolutionary systems. This book explores the unifying role of thermodynamics in natural phenomena. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Second Edition analyzes the transport processes of energy, mass, and momentum transfer processes, as well as chemical : Observable and hidden singular features of large fluctuations in nonequilibrium systems Mark I. Dykman a,1, Mark M. Millonas h, Vadim N. Smelyanskiy c a Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI , USA. Nonequilibrium fluctuations are key quantities. These fluctuations have universal symmetries, convey essential information about systems' behaviors, and are experimentally accessible in most systems. We review experimental developments to extract information from the nonequilibrium fluctuations of biological systems.

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Fluctuations and Sensitivity in Nonequilibrium Systems: Proceedings of an International Conference, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, March(Springer Proceedings in Physics) Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed.

EditionFormat: Paperback. Fluctuations and Sensitivity in Nonequilibrium Systems Book Subtitle Proceedings of an International Conference, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, March 12–16, Fluctuations and Sensitivity in Nonequilibrium Systems Proceedings of an International Conference, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, March 12–16, Get this from a library.

Fluctuations and sensitivity in nonequilibrium systems: proceedings of an international conference, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, March[W Horsthemke; Dilip Kondepudi; University of Texas at Austin.;].

Self-Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems: From Dissipative Structures to Order through Fluctuations 1st Edition by Gregoire Nicolis (Author), Ilya Prigogine (Author) out of 5 stars 2 ratings. ISBN ISBN Why is ISBN important. ISBN. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the Cited by: Fluctuations and Sensitivity in Nonequilibrium Systems: Proceedings of an International Conference, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, March 12–16, I.

Prigogine (auth.), Professor Dr. Werner Horsthemke, Dilip K. Kondepudi PhD (eds.). Abstract. Nonequilibrium systems that undergo symmetry breaking transitions are extremely sensitive to small interactions.

From the macroscopic equations it is shown that, the effect of an interaction of energy ΔE is characterized by the factor (ΔE/kT) I/n, n=2 or 3 depending on the fractional exponent indicates an amplified response.

Get this from a library. Fluctuations and Sensitivity in Nonequilibrium Systems: Proceedings of an International Conference, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, March[Werner Horsthemke; Dilip K Kondepudi] -- This volume contains the invited lectures and a selection of the contributed papers and posters of the workshop on "Fluctuations and Sensitivity in Nonequil ibrium.

Discover Book Depository's huge selection of W Horsthemke books online. Free delivery worldwide on over 20 million titles. In book: Fluctuations and Sensitivity in Nonequilibrium Systems, Publisher: Springer Proceedings in Physics, Editors: W.

Horsthemke, D. K Kondepudi, pp Cite this publication D. Walgraef. Time-Symmetric Fluctuations in Nonequilibrium Systems Article (PDF Available) in Physical Review Letters 96(24) July with 33 Reads How we measure 'reads'. Self-Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems: From Dissipative Structures From inside the book.

structures distribution dynamics eigenvalue energy entropy production enzyme equilibrium evolution example expression Figure finite fluctuations flux function give rise glycolytic gradient homogeneous initial conditions irreversible processes.

SENSITIVITY OF NONEQUILIBRIUM SYSTEMS 21 Appendix C Let us consider a layer of fluid confined by the two infinite plates a distance d apart.

The onset of convection depends on the Rayleigh number R: R ga(T' Tz) d3, (C.1) VK where g is the strength of the gravitational field, a the coefficient of thermal expansion, v the kinematic viscosity Cited by:   Self-Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems book.

Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Membranes, Dissipative Structures, and Evoluti 3/5(5). Fluctuations in Nonequilibrium Systems position fluctuations in open, chemically reacting mix-tures (12).

Inall cases, theequivalenceoftheLangevin, birth and death, and kinetic equation approach is confirmed. Moreover, small fluctuations are described by the following generalization of Einstein's formula (12): P({aX}) c exp [WS2W] with 5X2. This book offers a comprehensive picture of nonequilibrium phenomena in nanoscale systems.

Written by internationally recognized experts in the field, this book strikes a balance between theory and experiment, and includes in-depth introductions to nonequilibrium fluctuation relations, nonlinear dynamics and transport, single molecule experiments, and molecular diffusion in.

Volume 11 IA, number 1,2 PHYSICS LETTERS 26 August SENSITIVITY OF BRANCH SELECTION IN NONEQUILIBRIUM SYSTEMS D.K. KONDEPUDI, I. PRIGOGINE and G. NELSON Center for Studies in Statistical Mechanics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TXUSA Received 4 June ; accepted for publication 17 June A study of the Cited by: Figure 1.

Nonequilibrium small systems. (a) In this scanning electron microscope image of an integrated synthetic actuator, the central metal-plate rotor is attached to a multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWNT) that acts as a support shaft.

Electrical contact to the rotor plate is made via the MWNT and its anchor pads. A synchronized electrostatic force can induce rotary motion about Cited by: Abstract: The fluctuations in nonequilibrium systems are under intense theoretical and experimental investigation.

Topical ``fluctuation relations'' describe symmetries of the statistical properties of certain observables, in a variety of models and : Lamberto Rondoni, Carlos Mejia-Monasterio. systems [5], master equation systems [6], systems in a nonequilibrium steady state [7], general stochastic systems [8, 9], feedback control systems [10], systems with odd parity variables [11, 12], and so on.

Theoretically, the fluctuation theorems allow us to study the time irreversibility of nonequilibrium systems. At the same time, they play an. The volume that you have before you is the result of a growing realization that fluctuations in nonequilibrium systems playa much more important role than was 1 first believed.

It has become clear that in nonequilibrium systems noise plays an active, one might even say a creative, role in processes involving self-organization, pattern formation. Book description: Statistical mechanics has been proven to be successful at describing physical systems at thermodynamic equilibrium.

Since most natural phenomena occur in nonequilibrium conditions, the present challenge is to find suitable physical approaches for such conditions: this book provides a pedagogical pathway that explores various. Fluctuations in Nonequilibrium Systems: An Historical Survey, Birth-and-death Description of Fluctuations Master Equation for Birth-and-death Processes, Limitations of Birth-and-death Formalism, Some Methods of Analysis of Birth-and-death Master Equations, Moment Equations, @article{osti_, title = {Spin fluctuations of nonequilibrium electrons and excitons in semiconductors}, author = {Glazov, M.

M., E-mail: [email protected]}, abstractNote = {Effects that are related to deviations from thermodynamic equilibrium have a special place in modern physics. Among these, nonequilibrium phenomena in quantum systems attract the.

Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is a branch of thermodynamics that deals with physical systems that are not in thermodynamic equilibrium but can be described in terms of variables (non-equilibrium state variables) that represent an extrapolation of the variables used to specify the system in thermodynamic equilibrium.

Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is concerned with. This book offers a comprehensive picture of nonequilibrium phenomena in nanoscale systems. Written by internationally recognized experts in the field, this book strikes a balance between theory and experiment, and includes in-depth introductions to nonequilibrium fluctuation relations, nonlinear dynamics and transport, single molecule.

Progress in nonequilibrium physics, as in all of condensed-matter and materials physics, will depend on our ability to bridge cultures. We shall have to understand the importance of, and the impediments facing, our efforts to bring new science to bear on technology and to take advantage of new technologies to advance basic science.

Statistical mechanics is one of the pillars of modern is necessary for the fundamental study of any physical system that has many degrees of approach is based on statistical methods, probability theory and the microscopic physical laws.

It can be used to explain the thermodynamic behaviour of large systems. This branch of statistical mechanics, which. Nonequilibrium systems are characterized by irreversible heat losses hetween the system and its environment, typ-ically a thermal bath. Fluctuation theorems embody recent developments toward a unified treatment of arbitrarily large fluctuations in small systems.

In equilibrated, time-reversal-invariant systems, no. These processes may interact with each other and lead to instabilities, fluctuations, and evolutionary systems. This book explores the unifying role of thermodynamics in natural phenomena. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Second Edition analyzes the transport processes of energy, mass, and momentum transfer processes, as well as chemical Edition: 2.

Nonlinear Thermodynamics. Systems Involving Chemical Reactions and Diffusion-Stability. Mathematical Tools. Simple Autocatalytic Models. Some further Aspects of Dissipative Structures and Self-Organization Phenomena.

General Comments. Birth and Death Descriptions of Fluctuations: Nonlinear Master Equation. Self-Organization in Chemical Reactions.Entropy production and fluctuation phenomena in nonequilibrium systems Haye Hinrichsen Faculty for Physics and Astronomy University of Würzburg, Germany Workshop on Large Fluctuations in Non­Equilibrium Systems MPIPKS Dresden, July In collaboration with: Andre Barato, ICTP, Trieste, Italy.An interesting and modern book about nonequilibrium statistical mechanics of turbulence, transport processes and reaction-diffusion processes is J.

Cardy, G. Falkovich and K. Gawedzki, Non-Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics and Turbulence (Cambridge University Press, ). This book contains the lectures given by the authors at a summer school.